The children with typhoid fever were diagnosed using IgM anti-Salmonella test . “Demam tifoid pada anak”, Makalah Tifoid, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas. Five hundred grams of fresh sponges Ianthella flabelliformis, Cribrochalina sp., . Salmonella typhi, and Vibrio cholerae was conducted using diffusion method. Typhoid and paratyphoid fevers are systemic diseases caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi, respectively.

Author: Dalkree Kazramuro
Country: Estonia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Science
Published (Last): 15 August 2007
Pages: 177
PDF File Size: 10.37 Mb
ePub File Size: 9.10 Mb
ISBN: 688-6-60717-255-8
Downloads: 28934
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Doudal

At present, 16S rRNA sequence analysis is an accurate and rapid method for identifying most unknown bacteria to the genus level because the highly conserved 16S rRNA region is easy to amplify; however, analysis of the more variable gyrB sequence region can identify unknown bacteria to the species level. Phylogenetic analysis and genetic distance of gyrB genes.

Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fever

Adapun salmknella mencegahnya adalah melakukan hal-hal berikut: Struktur kimianya terdiri dari lipopolisakarida. Feses dan muntah dari penderita typoid dapat menularkan kuman Salmonella thypi kepada orang lain. Preparation of chromosomal DNA. Demam Tifoid juga merupakan infeksi laboratorium kedua yang paling sering dilaporkan. Non-Typhi Salmonella gastroenteritis in children Documents.

In other words, S.

Our results also show a mosaic relationship among pathotypes classified by O serogroup and genotypes classified by gyrB region. The strains used in this study originated from reference collections American Type Culture Collection and Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH or were clinical isolates.

Supaya kita selalu menjaga kebersihan lingkungan hidup kita agar terhindar dari kontaminasi dengan bakteri Salmonella typhi. makalab

  HAAVARA AGREEMENT PDF

Makalah Salmonella Typhi

Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Thus, certain bacterial strains were classified differently under the two phylogenetic analyses. They then used the gyrB gene in the taxonomic classification of Pseudomonas putida and Acetinobacter strains. Ukuran inokulum estimasi untuk infeksi adalah There are over 2, Salmonella serotypes, based on antigenic differences associated with gastroenteritis and enteric maoalah fever in humans.

Makalah Salmonella Typhi

Penyakit yang disebabkan oleh Salmonella disebut salmonellosis. Sumber yang paling umum infeksi, bagaimanapun, adalah minum air tercemar oleh urin dan kotoran individu yang terinfeksi.

Tifoid disebabkan oleh bakteri Salmonella typhi, dengan gejala umum berupa demam tinggi dan nyeri perut. Phylogenetic tree based on the nucleotide sequences of gyrB genes.

Although the 16S rRNA gene is preferred for phylogenetic studies because of its attributes, such as little evidence for makalahh lateral transfer 27the sequence variation of 16S rRNA is not as high as those of other genes in numerous studies.

The results establish a new phylogenetic tree for the classification of SalmonellaShigellaand Escherichia coli in which Salmonella forms a cluster separate from but closely related to Shigella and E. Gejala demam tifus salmoenlla demam, mual-mual, muntah dan kematian. Antigen ini tidak aktif pada pemanasan di atas suhu 60oC, dan pemberian alcohol atau asam.

The nucleotide sequence data reported in this paper appear in the GenBank and DDBJ nucleotide sequence databases with the following accession numbers: Agar mewaspadai sejak dini pencegahan dan pengobatan penyakit typhus.

In comparison with 16S rRNA analysis, the gyrB sequences indicated a greater evolutionary divergence for the bacteria. Two hundred strains were cultured from stool specimens from patients with diarrhea collected from different regions in Japan during the period between April and May Absceso heptico por Salmonella typhi Documents. The scale indicates the percentage of sqlmonella difference percent divergence.

  BIW WELDING FIXTURES PDF

Pada media TSIA membentuk alkali pada lereng, asam pada dasar media dan membentuk endapan H2S pada dasar media serta membentuk gas.

Pertahanan tuan rumah bawaan melakukan sedikit untuk mencegah infeksi karena inhibisi lisis oksidatif dan kemampuan untuk tumbuh intrasel setelah pengambilan.

Second, phylogenetic analysis using the gyrB nucleotide sequence determined a classification of the bacteria different from that determined by 16S rRNA analysis.

Kortison 3 x 50 mg i. Menyediakan tempat pembuangan yang sehat dan higienis. Feses dan urine dari pembawa kuman carrier Salmonella typhi dapat mencemari makanan dan minuman akibat kurangnya disiplin untuk mencuci tangan dengan sabun setelah buang air besar dan kecil, sehingga tangan yang mengandung bakteri Salmonella typhi mencemari makanan, minuman, dan alat makan.

Like the 16S rRNA gene, the gyrB gene does not appear to be frequently horizontally transmitted and can be found in most, if not all, bacterial species 36 These data are in accordance with the previous study using the 16S rRNA gene sequence 34indicating close relationships among these bacteria. Bakteri Salmonella Typhi Dandemamtifoid Documents.