Subscribe · Contact us; Quick links The Ikhwan al-Safa’ (Brethren of Purity) were the anonymous adepts of a tenth-century and assimilation of their monumental encyclopaedia, the Rasa’il Ikhwan al-Safa’ (Epistles of the Brethren of Purity). Rasa’il-e-Ikhwan-us Safa (Epistles of Brethren of Purity) have been considered an encyclopaedic work of 3rd or 4th century of Islam. This work consists of The name Ikhwan al‑Safa was assumed by a group of libres penseum who cultivated .. The Ikhwan al‑Safa supplied us with data which enable us to construct.

Author: Maule Tat
Country: Mauritania
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Career
Published (Last): 26 September 2013
Pages: 381
PDF File Size: 14.52 Mb
ePub File Size: 12.37 Mb
ISBN: 721-2-21763-348-7
Downloads: 81394
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kagabei

There is sometimes in the long Surahs a slight difference in the numbering of verses resulting from the division of a few long verses. But the body is as necessary for the soul as is the womb for the development of the foetus.

Since I wrote the first part of this notice I found one of the authors of these memoirs mentioned in the following terms: This sin caused them to get farther and farther though ikhwaj in the sense of space and time from God. This was the metaphysical origin of life on earth.

Ikhwanus Safa: A Rational and Liberal Approach to Islam by Asghar Ali Engineer – the Ismaili Web

Pythagoras was said to have heard the sound of the moving spheres and planets. Short Description of the Work The Encyclopedia is divided into fifty-two epistles rasa’il of varying lengths, which make up four books. It seems, iihwan, that some of their followers had pressed for political action to take the reins of government into their hands.


Their inattention caused the fall of the souls into the physical earth. They wrote the Rasa’il Ikhwan ikwanthe Epistles or Encyclopedia of the Ikhwan al-Safa, an collection of 52 chapters on esoteric philosophy. He charged him with the mission as was necessary and asked him to keep his identity concealed. The emissaries were advised to work among the youth, as old people are usually rigid and unfit for any movement.

On the basis of astronomical data, Casanova moved the dates about a century forward, assigning the work to the years — God is the most beloved as the everlasting cause of all beings. The second part, which is on natural sciences, gathers seventeen epistles on matter and form, generation and corruption, metallurgy, meteorology, a study of the essence of nature, the classes of plants and ikhwzn, including a fable.

Ikhwan al-Safa’

It is subdivided into two powers: They are the vice-regents of God on His earth. Some people attributed to an Alid Imam, proffering various names, whereas other put forward as author some early Mutazilite theologians. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Their content has been transmitted and developed by subsequent thinkers of various persuasions. Moreover, concepts having no connection with our senses, like those of God and the First Matter, cannot be acquired thus.

Oxford University Press, The Pythagorean theory of numbers their properties: Tydskrif vir Semitistiek15 1: Marquet; Hamdani A teacher is absolutely necessary, especially to common people.

Ikhwan al-Safa’ | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

From the further intermixture imhwan sulphur and mercury, in different proportions, are formed all the mineral bodies: Philosophical Sciences The incorporation of philosophical and theological doctrines in their writings were done teleogically. This means that the orbits within the outer sphere are not homocentric with it, concentric or having one common centre, but eccentric, i.


Hinrich, All the heavenly bodies are made up of a fifth element, ether, 48 and are not liable to generation and corruption. They govern His servants and preserve the laws of His prophets Twofold in the Creation The process of creation is divided twofold: During a very long time these souls filled the world of the spheres and constituted the angels who animated the heavenly bodies.

This leads us to Being and Emanation, the coming of the universe into existence, or its creation.

The order and character of emanation are described below. The approach is more than an echo of the well known Aristotelian division of philosophy: Hierarchy was a major theme in their Encyclopedia, and unsurprisingly, the Brethren loosely divided themselves up into four ranks by age; the age guidelines would not have been firm, as for example, such an exemplar of the fourth rank as Jesus would have been too young if the age guidelines were absolute and fixed.

The magician operates according to their will and their desire, their magic is an expression of will.

ys Metaphysics If metaphysics did not include theology, it would have interested them very little. What we call creation, in our physical world, pertains to the Universal Soul.