H. campechianum is a shrub or small tree widely grown commercially for its Cymbosepalum baronii Baker; Haematoxylon campechiaum L. Use: The extract is a purplish-red natural dye obtained from the Logwood tree. The logwood tree is a spiny tropical American tree (Haematoxylon. Description. Campeche is a fast growing ornamental tree that can reach up to 50 feet in height. It produces numerous delicate round leaflets and extremely.

Author: Mezilrajas Fenrira
Country: Guinea-Bissau
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Sex
Published (Last): 24 November 2015
Pages: 296
PDF File Size: 16.29 Mb
ePub File Size: 5.13 Mb
ISBN: 472-7-12385-225-2
Downloads: 19778
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Golmaran

Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Outside its native range, this species is able to grow in disturbed secondary forest, along roadsides, riverbanks, lowland dry forests, urban forests, and seasonal waterlogged areas Seegeler, ; Wagner et al. xampechianum

haematoxylum campechianum wood extract,

Mechanical control must be practiced over a several year period as dormant seeds will continue to germinate.

Finally, this species is used as a boundary, barrier or support plant, and in India and Southeastern Asia, it is occasionally cultivated as a hedge plant. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Shortly after, they began enslaving Africans to do their resource extraction.

Flora de Cuba, 2: The wood is heavy and extremely hard. Soil Tolerances Top of page Soil drainage seasonally waterlogged Soil reaction neutral Soil texture heavy Special soil tolerances shallow.

The Republic of Pirates: Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Random House Publishing Group. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

It produces numerous delicate round leaflets and extremely fragrant yellow flowers. Hawaiian Forest and Agriculturist. In the West Indies, this species commonly grows on exposed limestone hillsides in dry secondary thickets Adams, ; Liogier, Kueffer C; Mauremootoo J, Seedlings and young plants should be hand-pulled and removed from treated areas, while large plants should be cut with specialized equipment due to the presence of thorns.


The maximum temperatures occur in April and May; the minimum temperatures in December and January. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser.

Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. National Tropical Botanic Gardens, pp. Brownish when neutral, it becomes yellow-reddish under acidic conditions and purple when alkaline.

They should be encouraged to experiment with biological resources.

The colour of Belize Logwood (Haematoxylon campechianum) | Belize Info Center

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Glossary of dyeing terms List of dyes. Retrieved 12 January Uses of tropical deciduous forest species by the Yucatecan Maya. Logwood also played an important role in the lives of century buccaneers and into the Golden Age of Piracy.

The leaves are pinnately compound feather-formed with oval or heart-shaped leaflets. However, so as not to have a year with zero post, I decided to give my friends a little treat this Sunday afternoon, a few weeks before Christmas. Chipped logwood is moistened with water and spread in thin layers until a gentle fermentation sets up, whereby, under the influence of liberated ammonia, haematoxylin is formed from the glucoside. Heartwood is mechanically strong, resistant to decay, and less easily penetrated by wood-preservative chemicals than other types of wood.

Karyomorphological evolution in Papilionaceae.

The colour of Belize Logwood (Haematoxylon campechianum)

This species is widely cultivated mainly in tropical countries to commercialize haematoxylno wood to extract dyes. University of Texas at Austin.

The tree’s scientific name means “bloodwood” haima being Greek for haematoxyloh and xylon for wood. Seeds can be easily dispersed by wind, water, and human activities. It is also useful against diarrhoea, dysentery, dyspepsia, and leucorrhoea. The imports of logwood into the United Kingdom during the year amounted to 69, tons, estimated value of which waspounds sterling. The terms histology and microscopic anatomy are sometimes used interchangeably, but a fine distinction can be drawn between the two campcehianum.

  ASTM D2196 PDF

It was actually the mordant that converted the red to purple which is stable. The following other wikis use this file: Hello Belize Info Center Fans.

Logwood extract haemateinlargely used in haematodylon [cotton dress material printing, is obtained from the chips that are oxidized by the haematein, by lixiviation leachingthe solution being concentrated at as low a temperature as possible.

The name logwood is sometimes applied to bluewood Condalia hookeria tree of the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae native to southwestern North America. The most endangered major tropical ecosystem. Retrieved 13 December Prevention and Control Top of page Mechanical control must be practiced over a several year period as dormant seeds will continue to germinate.

This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. It is very hard and dense, and exteriorally has a dark brownish red.

Despite this, English, Dutch, and French sailors recognized the value of logwood and set up camps to cut and collect the trees for shipment back to Europe.