purpose has been the evaluation of gingival inflammation in children. Gingival Index (GI). The Gingival Index (Löe and Silness, ) was. Download scientific diagram | Gingival index of Loe and Silness from publication: Correlation of oral health of children with acute leukemia during the induction. Download scientific diagram | Gingival index (Loe and Silness ) from publication: A comparative evaluation of topical and intrasulcular application of.

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Initial acquisition of mutans streptococci by infants: Questionnaires answered by the mothers were used to collect information regarding the mother’s and the child’s habits of tooth hygiene and the mother’s job, instruction level and family income.

In the prospective study, all 12 examiners observed statistically significant differences between the prophylaxis treatment groups at the final visit for both mean number of bleeding sites and mean GI; the magnitude ranged from Significant correlations between plaque and gingival indexes were found in both groups.

A prospective single-center, examiner-blind study comparing the effects of a staggered prophylaxis on gingivitis was then conducted, where a difference in gingivitis was created between two balanced groups by providing subjects a prophylaxis at two staggered time points. Periodontal status in childhood and early adolescence: The reported behavior and social status were also correlated to clinical indexes in children, and the results are shown in Table 5. GI 0 — Normal, healthy gingival with sharp, non-inflamed margins.

A lower total plaque index in the group of children was demonstrated when the mothers helped the children to brush their teeth. Two X-rays from molar region bitewing and two from the anterior region periapical were taken from each subject to assess the distance from the cementoenamel junction to the alveolar bone crest CEJ-ABC distance.

The data obtained between these reported variables and Total Plaque Index and in Total Gingival Index the mothers group are shown in Table 4.

Periodontal Examination — Gingivitis and Plaque Grading

Familial aggregation of periodontal indices. One trained examiner performed the all clinical examination. Effect of increased community and professional awareness of plaque control on the management of inflammatory periodontal diseases.

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The relationship between gingivitis and colonization by porphyromonas gingivalis and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in children. Dental knowledge, attitude and behavior in year-old dutch suburban children.


Four surfaces per tooth buccal, lingual, mesial and distal were examined in every permanent and deciduous tooth except for third molars in the mothers group. Periodontal conditions in children have been a subject of researches for decades Bimstein and Ebersole 4; Matsson 13; Matsson and Goldberg 14; Parfit 17; Peretz, et al. Furthermore, a hormonal influence is strongly suggested on the gingival inflammatory process concomitant to pre-puberty and puberty Parfitt 17; Peretz, et al.

Transmission of oral Prevotella melanonogenica between a mother and her young child. The study group was formed by thirty pairs of mothers 29 to 49 years old, mean GI 1 — Marginal gingivitis with minimal inflammation and edema at the free gingival. CI 2 — Calculus covering between one- and two-thirds of the buccal tooth surface with minimal subgingival deposition. A five year longitudinal study of the gingival conditions of a group of children in England.

Plaque Index in the children was correlated to variables such as mother’s frequency of flossing, mother’s support during child’s toothbrushing and mother’s having a job. The significant correlation for plaque index in molar region but not significant in the region of incisors may represent different abilities of plaque removal between mothers and children.

Plaque and gingival indexes were calculated separately for every mother and child. The variables that were associated to mother’s plaque index were mother’s age, frequency of flossing and the fact of having a job.

The age-dependent reaction of periodontal tissues to dental plaque. Periodontal disease in pregnancy.

ORAL ATP – Gingivitis and Plaque Grading

PI 1 — Scattered plaque covering less than one-third of the buccal undex surface. Sign in via your Institution. Although the social class was not homogeneous in the study group, it should be noticed that these subjects were seeking free treatment at the University. Subjects were assigned to one of two cohorts; within each cohort, group 1 subjects received a dental prophylaxis following the baseline examination and group 2 subjects received a dental prophylaxis 8 weeks later.

Changes in periodontal status of children and young adolescence: The composition of subgengival microflora in two groups of children with and without primary dentition alveolar bone loss. Associated Data Supplementary Materials. Medicine and health Music Names studies Performing arts Philosophy. Gingival inflammatory reaction in children at different ages.


It is therefore suggested that any study of periodontal disease should be based on fundamental criteria, such as bleeding or oedema, rather than on composite gingjval.

Medicine and health Dentistry GO.

gingival index

Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in human periodontal disease. Growth and development considerations in inndex diagnosis of gingivitis lloe periodontitis in children. Twelve experienced clinicians participated. Children’s gingival indexes increased with age and decreased when they brushed their teeth more often, when their mothers had a job and when their mothers declared they are used to flossing inxex day.

The mean values of plaque and gingival indexes from the children and their mothers are shown in Table 1. CI 3 — Calculus covering greater than two-thirds of gingivall buccal tooth surface and extending sub-gingivally. Abstract Although the gingival index and sulcus bleeding index have been widely used as indicators of periodontal status, there is some disagreement among investigators as to their meaning and significance.

The children’s plaque indexes were lower when they had their tooth hygiene done by their gingjval, when the latter had declared that they flossed their children’s teeth everyday, and also when the mothers had a job. The clinical findings were also correlated with reported social conditions and oral hygiene habits. A Dutch study pointed out that a quarter of 12 years-old children were not supervised in their oral home care Petersen 20 Total gingival index was decreased with an increase in frequency of children’s tooth brushing and when their mothers declared they are used to flossing silnfss.

Although the severity of gingivitis is less intense in children than in adults Mackler and Crawford 12; Matsson and Goldberg 14, periodontitis may occur in children and adolescents Albandar, et al. Periapical and bitewing radiographs were taken in order to assess the presence of any pathologic bone loss.

In addition, interexaminer calibration is a mechanism that can be utilized to minimize the impact of different examiner styles in clinical settings involving more than one examiner.