GILGAMESZ PDF – Get this from a library! Gilgamesz: epos starożytnego dwurzecza.. Get this from a library! ʻAlilot Gilgamesh = Gilgamesz. Epos walki tyleż średniowiecznej co i współczesnej – autor nieznany, Robert Stiller · Młynek na dnie morza – Robert Stiller, Peter Ravn · Klatin brat Klatona. Gilgamesz. Epos starożytnego Dwurzecza – autor nieznany, Robert Stiller. Wielki śmiech po żydowsku – Robert Stiller. Beowulf. Epos walki tyleż średniowiecznej.

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The aptly chosen theme of these contributions is friendship in any possible variety and from any possible point of view, as the diversity of participating scholars dictates. From the editorial review by Prof. David Movrin, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia The transdisciplinary nature of the corpus demonstrates how such variety and diversity may cohere through fidelity to a theme with a shared sense of purpose.

As one of the articles reminds us through a reaching back to Aristotle, what ennobles humans is using our individual freedom to join a common quest for wisdom, the sort of knowledge that is not only true, but beautiful and good as well. That so many articles of such high quality each of them important scholarship in a singular way come together in one volume to offer the reader so many worthwhile perspectives on friendship is itself an admirable accomplishment.

It is a sign of what university autonomy properly exploited can accomplish. Scan by Joanna Romanowicz.

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Kidd A Journey of Friendship Harward On the Meaning of Friendship Two Literary Pillars of Chivalry I met Jerzy and Jan in the mids, and the Gilamesz began to support their work soon thereafter. Yet, despite the passage of time, the pleasure of working with them has never dimmed.

There are a number of grantee institutions with whom we have worked for as long, perhaps even longer, but few have provided the same quality of fun and friendship gilgamez has accompanied the Foundation s partnership with Jerzy and Jan. I first encountered Prof.

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Jerzy Axer inat a time when our Foundation was convening a series of conferences on liberal arts curriculum and pedagogy, in order to provide amplification of this mode of education for leaders in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet States, particularly leaders interested hilgamesz reforming their universities in the post-soviet context in which they now lived.

Jerzy was one of the first eppos in these conferences. Not surprisingly, his quick wit, imagination, energy and enthusiasm soon led to his becoming a leader in this movement for university reform. I will never forget seeing Jerzy in action for the first time as he led a demonstration seminar at one of the Foundation s conferences in Budapest in He and a Dwurzeczz of Astronomy from the University of Warsaw led an interdisciplinary seminar on the theme of Astronomy and Poetry.

The audience, which staroytneggo students, was at first shocked, then scared, and finally drawn in as Jerzy paced the room and fired questions at the students while eliciting their comments and perspectives. The usual lecture was not epo of Jerzy s modus operandi; dialogue was the order of the day. At the end of the seminar, our sights had been lifted and we were all thinking about the relationship of poetry to the stars. At the time of this seminar, Jerzy was already working on his own vision of a liberal arts program, and inThe Endeavor Foundation made its first contribution in 3.

Kidd support of it. As we all know, over the years, those beginnings have developed into the deeply original, effective and far-flung constellation of programs that comprise the Artes Liberales galaxy at the University of Warsaw today, emanating from both Jerzy s fertile imagination and his ability to inspire others to be unusually creative as well.

I met Jan Kieniewicz somewhat later than I met Jerzy. Devoted to teaching and researching the politics and life of the Central and Eastern European States, he, like and with Jerzy, aimed to create a university that was devoted to learning and inquiry in the loftiest and most unfettered sense. In meeting these two, I could not help but be inspired by, as Jerzy put it in an early letter to me, [their] wild and outlandish plans.

After meeting Jan, I was immediately drawn to his warmth and good nature and noticed how his supportive personality and steady hand provide ballast to Jerzy s exuberance and free flow of ideas. Both are highly intelligent and learned individuals but they are also so much more. On several occasions, I have had the opportunity to visit these programs programs that are unprecedented in the university at every level.

While these programs are intellectually rigorous, original, and visionary, the friendship and respect inspired by both Jerzy and Jan, their care stafoytnego each and every one of their colleagues, be they faculty, student or staff, is truly a joy to behold.

No group could have more fun nor a stronger sense of common purpose than the one I have had the pleasure of encountering in the Artes Liberales programs. Jerzy s vivacity and joy are surely contagious, carrying us along on this delightful journey to places never imagined or imaginable without these qualities.

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With Jerzy, I am not at all sure that, [t]here are more things in heaven and earth than are dreamt of in [his] philosophy. Likewise, Jan stands out gilgames an individual to whom one gravitates. His intellect and warmth bring into these places a substantive consideration of the deepest and most orienting of research projects, gilgameez that probe into and bring forth important new scholarship on questions of identity, history, and politics. In addition to the pleasure of our colleagueship, I am honored and fortunate to call both Jerzy and Jan my friends.

Both Jerzy and Jan are committed to thoughtfulness to others, to helping others succeed, to assisting and supporting their friends and colleagues when life s challenges get in the way, to inclusiveness in decision-making and in the formulation of new ideas and plans, and, very importantly, to laughter and joy in all they do.

That is the spirit of friendship; those are the keys to inspiring leadership for change. As a result, it is with fondness and admiration that I write this short testament. I am happy to have had a part, in some small way, in the creation of this unique, dynamic and influential institution. I could not be more delighted with the fact that the ideals in which I have long believed and which I have striven to help realize in my work as President of The Endeavor Foundation have here been met, made real, and built into this original and inspiring institution as conceived and initiated by these two wonderful people.

Harward President Emeritus Bates College, and Honored to be Visiting Member of the Faculty of Artes Liberales, University of Warsaw, On the Meaning of Friendship April 12, With profound respect, admiration, and affection, I am honored to acknowledge the magnitude of educational qualities now firmly established within Poland s foremost University of the quarter century achievements of OBTA, and now its most complete and excellent expression of liberal education at all levels in the reality of Artes Liberales.

Artes Liberales and the nexus of related liberal education initiatives that have been nurtured over the 25 years of OBTA s existence now prosper; they can look forward to a bright future. They are at the very core of what liberal education can mean and promise. They were designed in the context of a culture and history of Central Europe, but quickly became helpful universal models offering structural lessons for the design of research, the direct connection of graduate to undergraduate study, and the interdisciplinary qualities of curricula.

They asked whether liberal education could be firmly rooted in a classical concept of freedom of agency rather than a platform of justice which could be captured by authority. These accomplishments stimulated others in extended parts of Europe, many looking East and resonated with so many others including many of us in the US.

Honoring 25 years of successes should be more prospective than retrospective. To Jerzy and Jan, and to all on the Faculty and the superb staff, what you have accomplished is a prelude to even greater achievements.

I am proud to be a colleague and to welcome the possibility of honoring an enduring range of your accomplishments. And it is with profound respect and admiration that I share several instantiations of our friendship that have made my more than fifteen years of association so personally rewarding Jan, your steady counsel and thoughtful responses, your warm and unflagging support and encouragement, your powerful insights into the cultural, social, and political history of Central Europe always framed our analyzes in such a rich and promising context.

Harward eminent grace, you stated most succinctly what was important, and what needed to be retained and acted upon. In a word yours was and remains the wisdom of friendship. Jerzy, you are a significant part of my professional and personal life. You are both my friend and my sibling of the head and heart as Julie has observed, we could finish one another s sentences but I would add that you could do so in multiple languages! I treasure the opportunities to sit across the table sketching diagrams that reflect structural options some of which may then be posted on your office wall tributes to our discussion.

I treasure being counted as a member of the Faculty of Artes Liberales and to teach your wonderful students even briefly and as a visitor. I treasure the opportunities to join with your superb Faculty colleagues in workshops and conferences.

I treasure the occasions when asked to prepare some remarks and have them stimulate further exploration of an idea and even more so, I treasure the essays you have contributed to volumes and studies which I have edited. Your work is always expressed with originality and energy and laden with insight!

There are so many tributes to friendship on the professional list, but the personal dimensions of friendship are equally important to me: Selflessly, you and Anna frequently took me to the airport at 4: Friendship is also instantiated in the dedication of those who help you their willingness to be happily availablebecause they are dedicated to something more significant than their own interests or even beyond your interest they honor the ideas and ideals you have cultivated and they, like me, honor you.

So dear friends, on the occasion of this recognition, know that I would want to be there in close animated conversation across the table, interrupted only by coffee and good cheer! I send my warmest and affectionate best to you, to Jan, to Anna, and to our colleagues, Don 8.

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Two Literary Pillars of Chivalry. Two Literary Pillars of Chivalry The rise of the vernacular literature in mediaeval France is inextricably linked to the social processes which appeared there at the turn of the tenth century and soon grew in significance across the whole of Europe. These processes helped shape a new social class knights.

Associated with nobility, knights played an important role in the French society, and they continued to do so until the end of the eighteenth century.

Old French literature is therefore not only a seismograph which registered this major social change, but also, if not primarily, an instrument by means of which dwutzecza ethos of a new type of warrior developed, i. Classified today as literary works, they shaped the entire axiology of this class of people and their specific code of conduct imitated in vernacular literatures of other European countries and cultivated as role models.

This is best evidenced in the way of life of knights and of the gentry in the late Middle Ages, and, specifically, in the costumes worn during tournaments, in the heraldry, and other attributes of literary protagonists or in meetings at the round table.

Even in battles held during the Hundred Years War they employed fighting techniques described in literature, with rather pathetic results. Arguably, this contributed significantly to the catastrophic defeats of the French heavy cavalry.

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Historians widely agree as to the significance of the literature in establishing and giving direction to the evolution of chivalry. While analysing the professional ethics of mediaeval knights, they make frequent references to literary accounts dwursecza order to illustrate its various aspects.

However, these references are burdened with a fairly common error of judgment which consists of treating chivalric literature largely as a monolith whereas in fact, mediaeval narratives fall into specific genres. Despite ostensible similarity or even identity dwurzzecza the literary worlds presented, various aspects of chivalric axiology are different depending on the genre of a given literary work.

The Family-Centred World The emergence of knights as a separate estate of the social structure in the Middle Ages coincided with the privatization gilfamesz power in the Carolingian Staroythego. In the eleventh century local overlords freed themselves, naturally or not, from the dictates of the ever weakening central power.

They built their own castles where they settled down with their families dwudzecza with warriors who constituted their totally independent armies. Their economic existence rested on a freehold estate in land, i. Originally granted to a vassal during his lifetime, fiefs became hereditary, which curbed the powers of the grantor and underlined the autonomy of the local castellan. This, in turn, facilitated the creation of specific inter-family relations based on stsroytnego bonds of affection.

Such bonds are manifested primarily in vertical relations between generations, e. Thus, the top of the hierarchy of values is taken by family solidarity or shared responsibility for the deeds committed by individual family members.

In French literature, this family-centred world is epow best exemplified in the chanson de geste or an epic poem, which enjoyed considerable popularity gilgakesz the Middle Ages. Its subject matter focuses in the main on the war of Christian knights against the Saracens on the frontiers of Charlemagne s empire and also in the Holy Land, albeit to a lesser degree. Equally important, though less frequently tackled, are feudal wars between the lord and his mutinous vassals or wars between individual epow of overlords.

While literature by nature grants some privileges to an individual protagonist, and even where such a protagonist embodies features of a specific group of people, there are quite a few examples of chansons de geste in which the protagonist is represented by largely indistinguishable members of a single family.

Renaut de Montauban dating back to the twelfth century is a dwurzecaz in point. The tale tells the story of four sons of Aymon who are equally involved in a conflict with Charlemagne, brought about by one of them. These sons become a type of a collective protagonist, and their names are the only distinguishing feature.

Little wonder then that they travel on the back of their magical horse Bayard who expands its size to carry them all. Noble families become heroes of whole cycles or series of epic poems linked by the main character or depicting the same type of conflict. The Lorraine cycle, for example, is dedicated to the war that ensues between Lorrainers and a family of Bordeaux. Interestingly, there is no specific protagonist that would be the focal point of all the epics of the cycle.

But even in the poems where the protagonists are highly individualized, as is the case of Charlemagne or William of Orange who constitute a reference sstaroytnego for the most important cycles linked by the main staroytnegi, family-related issues remain at the core of the narratives.