Busseola fusca exhibits oligophagous feeding behavior on host plants belonging to the family Poaceae. Primary host plants are maize (Zea mays L.) and. Preferred Scientific Name; Busseola fusca. Preferred Common Name; African maize stalk borer. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota; Kingdom: Metazoa. The Maize Stalk Borer (Busseola fusca) is a major pest of Maize and Sorghum.
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Farming in South Africa, 1: Selective oviposition by the maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca Fuller J. Related to this, new avenues of stem borer management are proposed.
Thus, the high numbers of plants infested with larvae in a field are the result of larval incl. In addition, the rigidity of the support that the leaf sheath provides also influences the proper insertion of the ovipositor for egg deposition. The larval stage caterpillars cause damage to maize by feeding on young leaves from where they can enter the stems.
Species diversity and distribution of Lepidopteran stem borers in South Africa and Mozambique. The stemborer population in early maize monocrop plant residues was almost double that of intercropped maize plots. African Entomology, 12 2: However, they can help control to reduce densities of the African maize stalkborer as part of an integrated pest management IPM approach that includes habitat management practices that conserve parasitoids and predators like ants and earwigs.
In field studies on grain sorghum in South Africa, oviposition on both main stems and tillers reached a maximum at six to eight weeks after plant emergence [ 89 ]. Fusxa or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. The eggs of B. Distribution and relative abundance of stalk borers of maize and sorghum in Lesotho.
Busseola fusca (Fuller) – Maize Stalk Borer
These authors reported that most neonates of the Lepidoptera have a pre-feeding movement phase during which long distance dispersal is achieved by ballooning.
African maize stem borer.
fusac Factors affecting infestations of the stalk borer Busseola fussca Fuller on maize in the forest Zone of Cameroon with special reference to scelionid egg parasitoids.
Surveys were conducted between — in sub-Saharan Africa, following the sampling procedure described by Le Ru and colleagues [ 63 ] total number of noctuid stem borer larvae collected was 48, [ 73 ]. Flight and oviposition behaviour of the African stem borer, Busseola fuscaon various host plant species.
Some notes on maize stemborers in Nigeria. A systems approach to assess crop health and maize yield losses due to pests and diseases in Cameroon. Host plant feeding status, which is affected by factors such as fertilizer and water stress, affects stem borer infestation levels, damage levels and buzseola yield losses.
Busseola fusca (Fuller)
Revue de Zoologie Africaine, 6: From the 3rd instar onwards, larvae migrate to the lower parts of the plant where they penetrate into the stem. Continuous rearing of the maize stem borer Busseola fusca on an artificial diet. Nusseola in the reproductive biology and in resistance against Cotesia sesamiae among two Busseola fusca populations. Inaccurate information from various reports is still propagated on its distribution [ 6 ] and host plant range [ 1213 ]. In Kenya alone, losses due to B.
Busseola fusca has also been reported to infest Fuzca.
Whether this was due to a higher mortality or density dependent emigration could not be determined with the experimental setup. Stemborer parasitoids have been released fysca their populations evaluated in different countries Mozambique Cugala et al.
Noctuidae in sub-Saharan Buzseola. Duration of diapause in the stem borers, Busseola fusca and Chilo partellus. The effect of different maize genotypes on the maize stalk-borer, Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: Most males emerge before onset of the scotophase, while most females do so one hour later [ 3037 ].
Geographic distribution, host range and perennation of Cotesia sesamiae and Cotesia flavipes Cameron in cultivated and natural habitats in Kenya. Importance of plant physical cues in host acceptance for oviposition by Busseola fusca. As in the fertilizer trial, maize in the rotation systems had fisca.
Biological cycle of Busseola fusca under optimal environmental conditions on artificial diet photos on mating and oviposition from [ 42 ]. It was recently shown that sucrose is a feeding stimulant and positively influences food choice by B. A good knowledge of the biology of B. Before landing, plant volatiles influence the female orientation, indicating from a distance the suitability of the plant species [ 83 ]; the female antennae bear numerous multiporous trichoidea sensilla able to collect volatiles [ 84 ].
Author Contributions PAC initiated and finalized the write-up as well as was coordinating the paper. Contrary to these reports, B. Stems, leaves and seeds. Later they eat into the growing points, which may be killed so that the dead central leaves form characteristic dry, withered ‘dead-hearts’. Borer infestation and damage in relation to maize stand density and water stress in ffusca Ivory Coast.