asnaf e adab book free download. Asnaf E Adab Book Free Download Download Mirror: Reply. Show more. Sang e Mil, 1 Review .html?id= Bibliographic information. QR code for Asnaf-e-Adab. Agaaz o IrtaqaUrdu mein Hamm’d ka agaaz usi waqt ho gaya tha jab urdu adab ki ibtada hue. Urdu adab k her shaair ne Hamm’d e baari k ashaar likhay hain.

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Laiken istallah mein Hamm’d is nazm ko kahtay hain “jo Allah Tuaa’la ki azmat aur kibraai bayan kernay mein likhe jaae”. Hamm’d ka mozo buht wasee aur motno’o hai. Aur is ki wusast ki koi had nai. Agaaz o IrtaqaUrdu mein Hamm’d ka agaaz usi waqt ho gaya tha jab urdu adab ki ibtada hue. Urdu adab k her shaair ne Hamm’d e baari k ashaar likhay hain.

Asnfa shua’ra to isay muzhbi fareeza samjh ker likhtay hainLaiken hindu shuaara nae bi is iltazaam ko barqrar rakha hai. NaatNaat ka lugwi maani hai “kisi shakh’s mein achi aur qabil e tareef sifaat ka paya jana aur is safaat ka bayan kerna”- Naat arbi zuban ka lafz hai, agerchay arbi zuban mein tareef o toseef k liye Hamm’d o Sana aur Mud’ah k alfaz bi aatay hain, laiken istalahmein Naat ka lafz “Rasool Ullah saa’llaha Hu Alaihay Wasalim “ki safaat o sana bayan kernay k liye makhsos kiya gaya hai.

Adabb shaayri ki koi he sinf aise ho ge jis main Naat na kahi gae ho, Qadeem urdu shaura Hamm’d adaab baari Taa’la k bad Naat paak se apnay deewanon ko muzayyan kiya. Hamaray dor mein Abdul Aziz khalid ne apnay naatia maj’moon ” Faar Qaleet aur Man’hamna” ne mukhtlif hayyaton mein Naat ka kamyab tujarba kiya hai aur deegar shuaara ne bi is ki paerwi ki hai.

AHazrat Ali R. A aur degar sahaba karam k naatia ashaar asna b miltay hain. Zaheer Bin Kaa’b ka Qaseeda “Laamia ” aur Allama Boseeri adb qaseeda “Burda” apnay jazba e ishq ki bina per aik khaas muqam k hamil hain, joon joon Islam phailta gaya, Naat ka riwaj qdab phailta gaya.

Urdu mein “Ameer mee’naai” aur “Muhsin Kaakorvi “k do naam aisay hain jinhein is sinf main awaleen ka sharf hasil hai. Muhsin Kaakorvi ka tamaam kuliyat naat mein hai, garz k her sinf mein Muhsin Kaakorvii ne naat goyi ka haq ada kiya hai, in k bad Halli ka naam aata hai. Dour e jadeed mein urdu k baishtar shaura ka rujhan naat goyi ki tarah ho raha hai, Ye aik naik faalhai, kuch shaura sirf Naat he kahtay hain aur inhon ne kisi dosri sinf e adab ki taraf deehan he nai diya ,maslan Hafeez Tai’eb, Hafiz ludhyanvi, Hafiz Mazhar ul Din Wagaira.

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QaseedaQaseeda arbi k lafz “Qasad” se nikla hai, jis ka matlab hai irada kerna. Is sinf main choo’nkay shaair kisi shakhs ki tareef o toseef k khayal se irada’tan shair kahta hai is liye is sinf ko Qaseeda kahtay hain. Qaseeda k pahle dono misray aur baqi sari nazm k ashaar k dosray misray hum qafia hotay hain. Qaseeday mein ashaar ki tadaad ki koi had muka’rar nai. Urdu qaseeday mein Tareef k elawa is mein dosray moz’oo b miltay hain maslan: Qaseeda k AjzaaQaseeda k ajzaa e tarkeebi paanch 5 hain: TashaibIsay qaseeday ki tamheed b kahtay hain, is hisay mein shaair Mana’zar e fitrat ki akaasi kerta hai, ba-ikhlaq batain kerta hai.

GuraizQaseeday ka mukh’tasreen hisa sirf do ashaar pe mushtamil hota hai. MudahIs hisay mein shair mam’doh ki tareef kerta hai aur baz okaat mubagla se b kaam laita hai. Arz e TalabIs hisay mein shair apnay mam’doh se shaairana andaz main inaam o ikraam talab kerta hai. DuaQaseeday k Is akhrai hisay mein shair mam’doh k liye dua kerta hai aur maqta likh ker qaseeda khatam ker daita hai. Mazameen k lihaz se Qaseeday ki chaar qismein: Yaani jis qaseeday mein mad’ah ki jae.

Yaani jis qaseeday mein kisi fard ee idaray ki hijo ki jae. Jo Pind o Nasai’ah pe mushtamil ho. Jis men shaair amooman asnfa zaati mahol, fitrati manazar ki kaifiyat bayan kerta hai. Agaaz o IrtaqaUrdu adab mein qaseeda mugaliya sal’tunat k zawal k bad shooro hua.

Ibtadaye dor main”Muhammad Ali Qutab Shah” aur “Nusrati” mashhur qaseeda go ko hasiyat se ubharay laiken “Soda” vo wahid shaa’ir hai jis ne Qaseeday ko arooj bakhsha. Soda k bad “Insha” aur “Mus’hafi” ne qaseday ko taraqi de. Ghalib ne b qaseeday likhaylaiken in k qaseedon mein vo khoobiyan nai thein jo inhein dosray qaseeda nigaron se mumtaz ker sakein.

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Haqeeqat ye hai k Zoq k bad qaseeday ko zawal a gaya,jab k bad hindustan main badshahat aur nawabi ka dour khatum hua to qaseeda b is k sath khatum ho gaya.

Albata kuch shaura ne mazhbi aur buzargan e din aznaf mein qaseeday likhay – in meinIsma’el Mairthi, Arzoo, Muhsin Kaakorvi aur Haali k naam qabil e zikar hain. Muss’adasMuss’adas se murad vo sinf e nazm hai “jis mein har band k 6 misray hotay hain”. In ka rab’t pahle 4 misron se hota hai. Muss’adas bandon pe mushtamil hoti hailaiken is k bandon ki tadad mutayan nai hai. Muss’adas khalis’tan urdu sinf e sukhan hai.

Arbi aur farsi mein is ka koi wajud nai aue na he kisik taqleed mein ye Urdu raa’ej hue.

DSU Library catalog › Details for: Asnaf-e-Adab

Shidat, taa’sur, mazameen k taa,salsul aur mosiqiyat aur apnay daman ki woo’sat ki bina pe ye sinf e sukhen zyada maqbol hue. Mukh’amisMukh’amis k maani hain paanch paanch 5,5 ki shakal mein asnqf hua – Istalah mein Mukh’amis se murad vo sinf e nazm hai “jis ka har band 5 misron pe mushtamil ho”.

Is nazm k pahle paanchon misray hum-qafia hotay hain mager baad mein aanay walay tamam bandon k pahle char 4 misronka qafia pahle band ae mukh’talif hota hai. Nazir Akbar Abadi ne akser nazmain isi hayyat mein likein hain.

MasnviMasnvika lafz mushtiq hai ‘mas’naa’ se adba Jis k maani hain do 2. Is k ashaar ki tadad muka’rar nai. Mas’vini ki khoobi ye hai k is k ashaar mein bahmi rab’t aur tas’alsul ho. Agaaz o IrtaqaUrdu mein Mas’vini ki sinf doosri isnaf ki tarah farsi adab se aaye. Aur Urdu mein is ka aghaz Dakan se he hua.

URDU ASNAF E ADAB BY ATAURRAHMAN NOORI

Dakan k ‘Nizami Baedri ‘ ne masnivi “Pidam Rao” likh ker urdu adab main masvini ki intada ki. Mirza Shauq ki masvini”Zaher e Ishq” main soz o gudaaz ne aik dilcha’sp kaifiyat paida ker di the.

Hafiz Jhulan’dhari ka “Shaah nama e Islam” qabil e zikr masnvi hai.