Sasanian Persia, which succeeded the Parthians, was one of the great powers of late antiquity and the most significant power in the Near East, together with the. – Arsacids and Sasanians: Political Ideology in Post- Hellenistic and Late Antique Persia. M. Rahim Shayegan. Frontmatter. More information. The Parthian Empire also known as the Arsacid Empire was a major Iranian political and [it] may be regarded as a typical reflection of the mixed religious doctrines of the late Arsacid period, which the Zoroastrian orthodoxy of the Sasanians.

Author: Madal Teshura
Country: Bahrain
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Life
Published (Last): 17 August 2018
Pages: 404
PDF File Size: 1.8 Mb
ePub File Size: 16.14 Mb
ISBN: 772-9-91259-865-2
Downloads: 45316
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mahn

The combination of horse archers and cataphracts formed an effective backbone for the Parthian military. In other arwacids Wikimedia Commons. Relations between Parthia and Greco-Bactria deteriorated after the death of Diodotus II, when Mithridates’ forces captured two eparchies of the latter kingdom, then under Eucratides I r.

After defeating the latter, the two were granted the right to govern the region by Artabanus III, who feared further rebellion elsewhere. Articles containing Ancient Sasanlans text Articles containing Parthian-language text All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from September Articles with permanently dead external links Articles with short description Pages using infobox country with unknown parameters Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images CS1 German-language sources de Commons category link is on Wikidata Featured articles Coordinates on Wikidata.

Crassus’ defeat at Carrhae was one of the worst military defeats of Roman history. Common wnd of the Parthian period include scenes of royal hunting expeditions and the investiture of Arsacid kings.

Science and technology Anti-Iranian sentiment Tehrangeles. Old Assyrian Empire Northern Akkadians. Parthian architecture adopted elements of Achaemenid and Greek architecturebut remained distinct from the two. Emboldened by the victory over Crassus, the Parthians attempted to capture Roman-held territories in Western Asia.

The earliest enemies of the Parthians were the Seleucids in the west and the Scythians in the east. Dio, Herodian, Ammianus Marcellinus; 3.


The following year, when Antony marched to ErzurumArtavasdes II of Ajd once again switched alliances by sending Antony additional troops. The Parthian Empire at its greatest extent. Arsacids and Sasanians; 4.

Moreover, the mere fact that Romans did have knowledge of the Iranian past and used it to label the expansionism of the new Persian power, is not a aasanians gauge for assuming that the Persians possessed the same knowledge of the past, adsacids were inspired by it. During his campaign, Trajan was granted the title Parthicus by the Senate and coins were minted proclaiming the conquest of Parthia. For other uses, see Arsacid dynasty disambiguation.

Full text of “Arsacids and Sasanians, by Rahim Shayegan”

This book undertakes a thorough investigation of the diverse range of written, numismatic, and archaeological sources in order to reassess Sasanian political ideology and its sources and influences in the ideologies of the Achaemenid Persian Empire, Babylonian scholarship and prophecy, and Hellenistic Greek thought.

This page was last edited on 24 Decemberat My library Help Advanced Book Search. Studies in Honor of Georg Krotkoff. The typical Parthian riding outfit is exemplified by the famous bronze statue of a Parthian nobleman found at Shami, Elymais.

The Parthian Empire, weakened by internal strife and wars with Rome, was soon to be followed by the Sassanid Empire.

Parthian Empire

However, as Parthia expanded westward, they came into conflict with the Kingdom of Armeniaand eventually the wasanians Roman Republic. The King of Kings headed the Parthian government. However, fearing sxsanians ambitions even for the Arsacid throne, Orodes had Surena executed shortly thereafter. Cambridge University Press Year of Publication: In doing so, it shall not only look at Sasanian and Roman relations, but also at Arsacid precedents, for possible stimuli in the formation of the Sasanian ideology.

Cambridge University Press, pp. This was the local language of the area east of the Caspian Sea and official language of the Parthian state see ARSACIDS and is known from inscriptions on stone and metal, including coins and seals, and from large archives of potsherd labels on wine jars from the Parthian capital of Nisa, as well as from the Manichean texts.


Already Roman historians of the third and fourth Achaemenids and Sasanians 1 1 Sasanian epigraphy 5 2 Classical sources: Journal of world-systems research. He was unsuccessful, but did negotiate a peace settlement with Arsaces II.

Parthian Empire – Wikipedia

With the expansion of Arsacid power, the seat of central government shifted from Nisa to Ctesiphon along the Tigris south of modern BaghdadIraqalthough several other sites also served as capitals. Brosius, MariaThe Persians: Aside from scattered cuneiform tablets, fragmentary ostracarock inscriptions, drachma coins, and the chance survival of some parchment documents, much of Parthian history is only known through external sources.

Hence, Arsaces I “backdated his regnal years ” to the moment when Seleucid control over Parthia ceased.

Only the elucidation of these problems would allow us to address our initial query, that is, whether the early Sasanians experienced an “Achaemenid revival” that might have shaped their political ideology and prompted their expansionist campaigns against the Roman empire; or whether the revival ascribed to the Sasanians by Roman literati was in reality a Roman interpretation comprehensible only in light of Roman political exigencies” By the 1st century AD, the Parthian nobility had assumed great power and influence in the succession and deposition of Arsacid kings.

Account Options Sign in.

Parthian history can also be reconstructed via the Chinese historical records of events. Mommsen, Theodor [original publication by Ares Publishers, Inc. Iranian Archaeological Museum, Tehran. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Pishdadian arsscids Kayanian dynasty. Iranian empire ruled by Arsacids. However, their stories, composed in verse form, were not written down until the subsequent Sassanian period.