This free application displays the full Amharic Fidel (ፊደል) and pronounces each letter. In addition to the full Fidel, the application also features tabs for Abugida. uh*, oo, ee, aa/a, ae/ay, eh, O. h. ሀ. ha. ሁ. hu. ሂ. hee. ሃ. haa. ሄ. hae. ህ. heh. ሆ. ho. l. ለ. le. ሉ. lu. ሊ. lee. ላ. la. ሌ. lay. ል. leh. ሎ. lo. h. ሐ. ha. ሑ. hu. ሒ. hee. ሓ. haa. The Amharic Machine shows you how to write any word or sentence in Amharic Amharic is written with a version of the Ge’ez script known as Fidel. There is.
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Not to be confused with the Aramaic language or [[Amara language]]. There are also separate demonstratives for formal reference, comparable to the formal personal pronouns: Want to know how to write your name in Amharic? The Abyssiniansa reggae group, have also used Amharic, most notably in the song ” Satta Massagana “.
The gerund functions as the head of a subordinate clause see the example above. Some nouns have this feminine marker without having a masculine opposite, e. Retrieved from ” https: This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Retrieved 3 June Below is the syllabary in the most common ha-hu order:.
It is the most widely spoken language in the Horn of Africa. In each of these four aspects of the grammar, independent pronouns, subject—verb agreement, object pronoun suffixes, and possessive suffixes, Amharic distinguishes eight combinations of person, number, and gender. But this advantage comes with its own disadvantages. An example is the old suffix -t for femininity. Retrieved 11 October Wikivoyage has travel information for Amharic phrasebook.
The internal plural employs vowel quality or apophony to pluralize words, similar to English man vs. There is no agreed way of romanising Amharic into Latin script. For arguments of the verb other than the subject or the object, there are two separate sets of related suffixes, one with a benefactive meaning toforthe other with an adversative or locative meaning againstto the detriment ofonat. The basic shapes are altered in various ways to indicate a different vowel following the base consonant.
Amharic Alphabets – ፊደላት in Amharic
Besides number, as in English, Amharic also distinguishes masculine and feminine gender in the singular. Although these forms are singular semantically—they refer to one person—they correspond to third-person plural elsewhere in the grammar, as is common in other T—V systems.
This literature includes government proclamations and records, educational books, religious material, novels, poetry, proverb collectionsdictionaries monolingual and bilingualtechnical manuals, medical topics, amhariic.
When the subject or object in such sentences is emphasized, an independent pronoun is used: The adjective and the noun together are called the ‘adjective noun complex’. Nouns and adjectives ending in -awi usually take the suffix -t to form the feminine form, e.
In the case of an indefinite plural adjective noun complex, the noun is plural and the adjective may be used in singular or in plural form.
The Amharic letters or alphabets are usually seen in a grid format with the vowels lined up horizontally and the consonants vertically. The Amharic examples in the sections below use one system that is common, though not universal, among linguists specialising in Ethiopian Semitic languages. Its use is related to the definiteness of the object, thus Amharic shows differential object marking.
Accessed 13 December ]. Gemination is ridel indicated in Amharic orthography, but Amharic ficel typically do not find this to be a problem.
All dialects are mutually intelligible, but certain minor variations are noted. The singular pronouns have combining forms beginning with zz instead of y when they follow a preposition: Like English, Amharic makes a two-way distinction between near ‘this, these’ and far ‘that, those’ demonstrative expressions pronouns, adjectives, adverbs. One way of nominalising consists of a form of vowel agreement similar vowels on similar places inside the three-radical structures typical of Semitic languages.
Amsalu Aklilu has pointed out that Amharic has inherited a large number of old plural forms directly from Fidep Ethiopic Ge’ez Leslau Amharic has a further set of morphemes that are suffixed to nouns, signalling possession: Molla create programs rendering each glyph of the alphabet with only two keystrokes.
Some kinship -terms have two plural forms with a slightly different meaning. The dawn of the computer age saw pioneers such as Dr. The Amharic script is included in Unicode, and glyphs are included in fonts available with major operating systems. The Amharic script is an abugidaand the graphemes of the Amharic writing system are called fidel.
File:Amharic alphabet Fidel ፊደል.gif
The feminine gender is not only used to indicate biological gender, but may also be used to express smallness, e. In FebruaryMicrosoft released its Windows Vista operating system in Amharic, enabling Amharic speakers to use its operating system in their language.
It has been the working language of courts, language of trade and everyday communications, the military, and the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church since the late 12th century and remains the official language of Ethiopia today.
Below is the syllabary in the most common ha-hu order: Retrieved 2 May In most languages, there is a small number of basic distinctions of personnumberand often gender that play a role within the grammar of the language.
Fdiel, in such cases, the person, number, and second- or third-person singular gender of the subject and object are marked on the verb. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amharic language.
Amharic Keyboard Online • Geez Alphabet • LEXILOGOS >>
Mittwoch described a form of Amharic spoken by the descendants of Weyto language speakers,  but it was likely not a dialect of Amharic so much as the result of incomplete language learning as the community shifted languages from Weyto to Amharic.
Subscription or UK public library membership required. North Ge’ez Tigrinya Tigre Dahalik. After Haile Selassie’s visit to Jamaica, study circles in Amharic were organized in Jamaica as part of the ongoing exploration of Pan-African identity and culture.
All Amharic verbs agree with their subjects ; that is, the person, number, and in the second- and third-person singular gender of the subject of the verb are marked by suffixes or prefixes on the verb. Ge’ez script Amharic syllabary Ge’ez Braille.